How Our Oceans Ecosystem Works & Why It Is Important
The ocean is the Earth’s largest ecosystem. It covers up to 70 percent of the Earth’s surface and even makes up 97 percent of the world’s water. It is the home to hundreds of aquatic creatures and is even the reason why humans are living and breathing today. So, what does that even mean? Why should we protect aquatic ecosystems?
To put it simply, the ocean is the planet’s life support. If you’re asking yourself, “Why do we need the ocean?” just think about the act of breathing. The ocean generates half of the oxygen we breathe and absorbs the carbon dioxide we inhale through the coral reef. Due to climate change, the ocean has become so acidic that the coral reef has begun to be torn apart. Without it, our air supply will be cut short. In addition, the ocean regulates the earth’s temperature by transferring heat from the equator to the opposite poles. Without the ocean, there is no regulation.
Something that should not be overlooked is also the importance of marine life. There are up to 300,000 different species living beneath the surface of the ocean. Other than the importance of their survival, the animals on land also depend on those aquatic creatures for food as part of the food chain. Without the ocean, the animals on land would not be able to survive. Due to climate change, marine animals have been adjusting their locations along the coastline due to rising and falling pH levels, which also messes with specific animals’ food supply.
Other than the essentials to life, the ocean provides endless opportunities for jobs and recreation. Earth would cease to exist without the ocean, and it is important for us to take care of it!